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General Terms of Sale and Delivery of Menzel Elektromotoren GmbH, Berlin

I. General

  1. Any offer, service and sale (hereinafter: “the Deliveries”) by Menzel Elektromotoren GmbH (hereinafter “the Supplier”) shall be exclusively subject to written contract terms as well as the terms and conditions set forth below. Deviating terms, if any (e.g. terms and conditions of the ordering party) or supplements shall be effective only if confirmed by the Supplier in writing. Oral agreements shall without exception be deemed non-binding.
  2. The Supplier herewith reserves any property rights and/or copyrights pertaining to its cost estimates, drawings and other documents (hereinafter referred to as "Documents"). The Documents shall not be made accessible to third parties without the Supplier's prior consent and shall, upon request, be returned without undue delay to the Supplier if the contract is not awarded to the Supplier. Sentences 1 and 2 shall also apply to documents of the Purchaser; these may, however, be made accessible to third parties to whom the Supplier may rightfully transfer Supplies.
  3. The Purchaser shall have the non-exclusive right to use standard software, provided that it remains unchanged, is used within the agreed performance parameters, and on the agreed equipment. The Purchaser may make one back-up copy without express agreement.
  4. Partial Supplies shall be allowed, unless they are unreasonable to accept for the Purchaser.

II. Prices and Terms of Payment

  1. Place of performance and place of settlement shall be the Supplier’s principal office in any case and regardless of whether and at whose expense the goods are shipped.
  2. If the Supplier is also responsible for assembly or erection and unless otherwise agreed, the Purchaser shall pay the agreed remuneration and any incidental costs required, e. g. travel costs, costs for the transport of tools and equipment, and personal luggage as well as allowances.
  3. Payments shall be made free Supplier's paying office.
  4. The Purchaser may set off only those claims that are undisputed or against which no legal recourse is possible.

III. Retention of Title

The following single and extended retention of title shall be agreed:

  1. Items pertaining to the Supplies ("Retained Goods") shall remain the property of the Supplier until each and every claim the Supplier has against the Purchaser on account of the business connection has been fulfilled. If the combined value of the security interests of the Supplier exceeds the value of all secured claims by more than 20%, the Supplier shall release a corresponding part of the security interest if so requested by the Purchaser.
  2. For the duration of the retention of title, the Purchaser may not pledge the Retained Goods or use them as security, and resale shall be possible only for resellers in the ordinary course of their business and only on condition that the reseller receives payment from its customer or makes the transfer of property to the customer dependent upon the customer fulfilling its obligation to effect payment.
    1. If the Purchaser resells the retained goods, the Purchaser shall relinquish forthwith to the Supplier any future claims from the resale to its customers, together will all accessory rights – including any payment balance requests – without the requirement to issue any further declarations. If the Retained Goods are resold together with other items without a single price being agreed for the Retained Goods, the Purchaser shall relinquish to the Supplier that part of the total price requested that corresponds to the reserved goods price invoiced by the Supplier.
    2. Assuming a justified interest is substantiated, the Purchaser shall disclose any information, and hand over any document, to the Supplier that the latter requires in order to enforce its claims vis-à-vis a customer.
    3. Until revoked, the Purchaser is entitled to collect any relinquished claims arising from the resale. Given an important reason, specifically payments in arrear, default on payments, commencement of insolvency procedures, protest of a bill, or substantiated evidence for an overindebtedness or threatening insolvency on the part of the Purchaser, the Supplier shall have the right to revoke the Purchaser’s power to collect.

      Moreover, the Supplier may, subject to previous notification and observance of a reasonable notice period, disclose the assignment by way of security, liquidate the assigned claims, and demand that the Purchaser disclose the assignment by way of security vis-à-vis the customer.
    1. The Purchaser shall be entitled to process the Retained Goods or mix or combine them with other items. The processing activities shall be performed for the Supplier. The Purchaser shall keep the resulting new item for the Supplier with the due care and diligence of a proper businessman. The item shall be deemed to be Retained Goods.
    2. The Supplier and Purchaser shall agree that if the Retained Goods are combined or mixed with other objects that do not belong to the Supplier, that the Supplier shall be awarded co-ownership in the new object at the proportionate amount which results from the ratio of the value of the combined or mixed Retained Goods to the value of the remaining goods at the date of performing any processing activities. To the extent that the Purchaser acquires sole ownership in the new item, Supplier and Purchaser agree that the Purchaser shall grant co-ownership of the new items created through processing in proportion to the ratio between the value of the processed Retained Goods and the other processed goods at the time of the processing.
    3. In case the new item is sold, the Purchaser hereby relinquishes its claim arising out of the resale vis-à-vis the customer including all secondary rights as security to the Supplier without necessitating any further elaboration. The relinquishing, however, only applies up to the value of the amount corresponding to the value of processed, combined or mixed Retained Goods that were invoiced by the Supplier. The share of the claims relinquished to the Supplier shall be satisfied with priority. The terms regarding revocation – above – shall apply, mutatis mutandis, in regard to the collection authority and in regard to the condition of its revocation.
    4. If the Purchaser combines Retained Goods with real estate or movable assets, then the Purchaser will also assign his claim which has been awarded to him as remuneration for such a combination - without the requirement to issue any further declarations - to the Supplier as a security with all accessory rights and in ratio to the value of the combined Retained Goods to the remaining combined goods at the time of combination.
  3. The Purchaser shall inform the Supplier forthwith of any seizure or other act of intervention by third parties.
  4. Where the Purchaser fails to fulfill its duties, including failure to make payments due, the Supplier shall be entitled to cancel the contract and take back the Retained Goods in the case of continued failure following expiry of a reasonable time set by the Supplier; the statutory provisions that a time limit is not needed remain unaffected. The Purchaser shall be obliged to surrender the Retained Goods.


IV. Time for Supplies, Delay 

  1. Times set for Supplies can only be observed if all Documents to be supplied by the Purchaser, necessary permits and releases, especially concerning plans, are received in time and if agreed terms of payment and other obligations of the Purchaser are fulfilled. Unless these conditions are fulfilled in time, times set shall be extended appropriately; this shall not apply where the Supplier is responsible for the delay.
  2. If non-observance of the times set is due to force majeure such as mobilization, war, rebellion or similar events, e. g. strike or lockout, such time shall be extended accordingly.
  3. Purchaser's claims for damages due to delayed Supplies as well as claims for damages in lieu of performance exceeding the limits specified in No. 3 above shall be excluded in all cases of delayed Supplies even upon expiry of a time set to the Supplier to effect the Supplies. This shall not apply in cases of mandatory liability based on intent, gross negligence, or due to injury of life, body or health. Cancellation of the contract by the Purchaser based on statute shall be limited to cases where the Supplier is responsible for the delay. The above provisions do not imply a change in the burden of proof to the detriment of the Purchaser.
  4. At the Supplier's request the Purchaser shall declare within a reasonable period of time whether the Purchaser cancels the contract due to the delayed Supplies or insists on the Supplies to be carried out.
  5. If dispatch or shipment is delayed at the Purchaser's request by more than one month after notice of the readiness for dispatch was given, the Purchaser may be charged, for every month commenced, storage costs of 0.5% of the price of the items of the Supplies, but in no case more than a total of 5%. The parties to the contract may prove that higher or, as the case may be, lower storage costs have been incurred.

V. Transfer of Risk

  1. Even where delivery has been agreed freight free, the risk shall pass to the Purchaser as follows:
    1. if the Supplies do not include assembly or erection, at the time when the Supplies are shipped or picked up by the carrier. Upon request of the Purchaser, the Supplier shall insure the Supplies against the usual risks of transport at the expense of the Purchaser;
    2. if the Supplies include assembly or erection, at the day of taking over in the own works or, if so agreed, after a fault-free trial run.
  2. The risk shall pass to the Purchaser if dispatch, shipping, the start or performance of assembly or erection, the taking over in the own works or the trial run is delayed for reasons for which the Purchaser is responsible or if the Purchaser has otherwise failed to accept the Supplies.

VI. Assembly and Erection

Unless otherwise agreed in writing, assembly/erection shall be subject to the following provisions:

  1. The Purchaser shall provide at its own expense and in good time:
    1. all earth and construction work and other ancillary work outside the scope of the Supplier, including the necessary skilled and unskilled labour, construction materials and tools,
    2. the equipment and materials necessary for assembly and commissioning such as scaffolds, lifting equipment and other devices as well as fuels and lubricants,
    3. energy and water at the point of use including connections, heating and lighting,
    4. suitable dry and lockable rooms of sufficient size adjacent to the site for the storage of machine parts, apparatus, materials, tools, etc. and adequate working and recreation rooms for the erection personnel, including sanitary facilities as are appropriate in the specific circumstances; furthermore, the Purchaser shall take all measures it would take for the protection of its own possessions to protect the possessions of the Supplier and of the erection personnel at the site,
    5. protective clothing and protective devices needed due to particular conditions prevailing on the specific site.
  2. Before the erection work starts, the Purchaser shall make available of its own accord any information required concerning the location of concealed electric power, gas and water lines or of similar installations as well as the necessary structural data.
  3. Prior to assembly or erection, the materials and equipment necessary for the work to start must be available on the site of assembly/erection and any preparatory work must have advanced to such a degree that assembly/erection can be started as agreed and carried out without interruption. Access roads and the assembly/erection site itself must be level and clear.
  4. If assembly, erection or commissioning is delayed due to circumstances for which the Supplier is not responsible, the Purchaser shall bear the reasonable costs incurred for idle times and any additional travelling of the Supplier or the erection personnel.
  5. The Purchaser shall attest to the hours worked by the erection personnel towards the Supplier at weekly intervals and the Purchaser shall immediately confirm in writing if assembly, erection or commissioning has been completed.
  6. If, after completion, the Supplier demands acceptance of the Supplies, the Purchaser shall comply therewith within a period of two weeks. In default thereof, acceptance is deemed to have taken place. Acceptance is also deemed to have been effected if the Supplies are put to use, after completion of an agreed test phase, if any.

VII. Receiving of Supplies

The Purchaser shall not refuse to receive Supplies due to minor defects.

VIII. Defects as to Quality

The Supplier shall be liable for defects as to quality ("Sachmängel", hereinafter referred to as "Defects",) as follows:

  1. All parts or services where a Defect becomes apparent within the limitation period shall, at the discretion of the Supplier, be repaired, replaced or provided again free of charge irrespective of the hours of operation elapsed, provided that the reason for the Defect had already existed at the time when the risk passed.
  2. Claims based on Defects are subject to a limitation period of 12 months. This provision shall not apply where longer periods are prescribed by law according to Sec. 438 para. 1 No. 2 (buildings and things used for a building), Sec. 479 para. 1 (right of recourse), and Sec. 634a para. 1 No. 2 (defects of a building) German Civil Code ("BGB"), as well as in cases of injury of life, body or health, or where the Supplier intentionally or grossly negligently fails to fulfil its obligation or fraudulently conceals a Defect. The legal provisions regarding suspension of expiration ("Ablaufhemmung"), suspension ("Hemmung") and recommencement of limitation periods remain unaffected.
  3. The Purchaser shall notify Defects to the Supplier in writing and without undue delay.
  4. In the case of notification of a Defect, the Purchaser may withhold payments to a reasonable extent taking into account the Defect occurred. The Purchaser, however, may withhold payments only if the subject-matter of the notification of the Defect occurred is justified beyond doubt. Unjustified notifications of Defect shall entitle the Supplier to have its expenses reimbursed by the Purchaser.
  5. The Supplier shall first be given the opportunity to supplement its performance ("Nacherfüllung") within a reasonable period of time.
  6. If supplementary performance is unsuccessful, the Purchaser shall be entitled to cancel the contract or reduce the remuneration, irrespective of any claims for damages it may have according to Art. XI.
  7. There shall be no claims based on Defect in cases of insignificant deviations from the agreed quality, of only minor impairment of usefulness, of natural wear and tear or damage arising after the transfer of risk from faulty or negligent handling, excessive strain, unsuitable equipment, defective workmanship, inappropriate foundation soil or from particular external influences not assumed under the contract, or from non-reproducible software errors. Claims based on defects attributable to improper modifications or repair work carried out by the Purchaser or third parties and the consequences thereof shall be likewise excluded.
  8. The Supplier shall be exempt from any liability for quality defects whenever the ordering party undertook unauthorised modifications of the product supplied (e.g. attempted repairs) or ordered third parties to undertake such modifications without obtaining the Supplier’s written consent.
  9. Place of performance for rectification of defects is principally the Supplier’s place of business. The costs for transporting the goods to the Supplier’s place of business for the purpose of having defects rectified shall be borne by the ordering party.

    If transportation of the goods to the Supplier’s place of business would expose the ordering party to unreasonable hardship, the rectification of defects may also be undertaken at the present location of the goods at the ordering party’s request and subject to the Supplier’s consent. In this case, the ordering party shall reimburse the Supplier for the costs generated in this context (specifically transportation, travel, labour and material costs). The Supplier may consent subject to the condition that a reasonable advance on the anticipated costs be paid.
  10. If, in addition to delivery, the installation of the goods is also subject to a given agreement, then the rectification of defects shall be undertaken at the place where the Supplier installed the goods.
  11. In no case shall the Supplier for liable for costs arising from the fact that the ordering party chose a fixed installation of the goods, necessitating installation and/or structural work to facilitate shipment of the goods for the rectification of defects or the installation of a replacement. If in such a case the ordering party requests that the rectification of defects be undertaken at the site of the goods, the ordering party shall reimburse the Supplier for any extra costs incurred.
  12. If an article delivered is equipped with temperature sensors (e.g. PT100, PTC, KTY or similar temperature sensors), the ordering party is obliged to connect these for the protection of the article in accordance with the operating manual, and to monitor the device according to applicable temperature classes, and to ensure that the delivered article is switched off whenever it threatens to overheat.

    If the ordering party fails to do so, the Supplier’s warranty in case of damage shall be limited to the damage that would have occurred even if the operating temperature had been properly monitored and the device had been switched off in good time.
  13. The Purchaser shall have no claim with respect to expenses incurred in the course of supplementary performance, including costs of travel and transport, labour, and material, to the extent that expenses are increased because the subject-matter of the Supplies was subsequently brought to another location than the Purchaser's branch office, unless doing so complies with the intended use of the Supplies.
  14. The Purchaser's right of recourse against the Supplier pursuant to Sec. 478 BGB is limited to cases where the Purchaser has not concluded an agreement with its customers exceeding the scope of the statutory provisions governing claims based on Defects. Moreover, No. 8 above shall apply mutatis mutandis to the scope of the right of recourse the Purchaser has against the Supplier pursuant to Sec. 478 para. 2 BGB.
  15. Furthermore, the provisions of Art. XI (Other Claims for Damages) shall apply in respect of claims of damages. Any other claims of the Purchaser against the Supplier or its agents or any such claims exceeding the claims provided for in this Art. VIII, based on a Defect, shall be excluded.

IX. Industrial Property Rights and Copyright; Defects in Title

  1. Unless otherwise agreed, the Supplier shall provide the Supplies free from third parties' industrial property rights and copyrights (hereinafter referred to as "IPR") with respect to the country of the place of destination. If a third party asserts a justified claim against the Purchaser based on an infringement of an IPR with respect to the Supplies made by the Supplier and then used in conformity with the contract, the Supplier shall be liable to the Purchaser within the time period stipulated in Art. VIII No. 2 as follows:
    1. The Supplier shall choose whether to acquire, at its own expense, the right to use the IPR with respect to the Supplies concerned or whether to modify the Supplies such that they no longer infringe the IPR or replace them. If this would be unreasonable to demand from the Supplier, the Purchaser may cancel the contract or reduce the remuneration pursuant to the applicable statutory provisions.
    2. The Supplier's liability to pay damages shall be governed by Art. XI.
    3. The above obligations of the Supplier shall only apply if the Purchaser (i) immediately notifies the Supplier of any such claim asserted by the third party in writing, (ii) does not concede the existence of an infringement and (iii) leaves any protective measures and settlement negotiations to the discretion of the Supplier. If the Purchaser stops using the Supplies in order to reduce the damage or for other good reason, it shall be obliged to point out to the third party that no acknowledgement of the alleged infringement may be inferred from the fact that the use has been discontinued.
  2. Claims of the Purchaser shall be excluded if it is itself responsible for the infringement of an IPR.
  3. Claims of the Purchaser shall also be excluded if the infringement of the IPR is caused by specifications made by the Purchaser, to a type of use not foreseeable by the Supplier or to the Supplies being modified by the Purchaser or being used together with products not provided by the Supplier.
  4. In addition, with respect to claims by the Purchaser pursuant to No. 1 a) above, Art. VIII Nos. 4, 5, and 9 shall apply mutatis mutandis in the event of an infringement of an IPR.
  5. Where other defects in title occur, Art. VIII shall apply mutatis mutandis.
  6. Any other claims of the Purchaser against the Supplier or its agents or any such claims exceeding the claims provided for in this Art. VIII, based on a defect in title, shall be excluded.

X. Impossibility of Performance; Adaptation of Contract

  1. To the extent that Supplies are impossible to be carried out, the Purchaser shall be entitled to claim damages, unless the Supplier is not responsible for the impossibility. The Purchaser's claim for damages shall, however, be limited to an amount of 10 % of the value of the part of the Supplies which, owing to the impossibility, cannot be put to the intended use. This limitation shall not apply in the case of mandatory liability based on intent, gross negligence or injury of life, body or health; this does not imply a change in the burden of proof to the detriment of the Purchaser. The right of the Purchaser to cancel the contract shall remain unaffected.
  2. Where unforeseeable events within the meaning of Art. IV No. 2 substantially change the economic importance or the contents of the Supplies or considerably affect the Supplier's business, the contract shall be adapted taking into account the principles of reasonableness and good faith. Where doing so is economically unreasonable, the Supplier shall have the right to cancel the contract. If the Supplier intends to exercise its right to cancel the contract, it shall notify the Purchaser thereof without undue delay after having realised the repercussions of the event; this shall also apply even where an extension of the delivery period had previously been agreed with the Purchaser.

XI. Other Claims for Damages

  1. Any claims for damages and reimbursement of expenses the Purchaser may have (hereinafter referred to as "Claims for Damages"), based on whatever legal reason, including infringement of duties arising in connection with the contract or tort, shall be excluded.
  2. The above shall not apply in the case of mandatory liability, e. g. under the German Product Liability Act ("Produkthaftungsgesetz"), in the case of intent, gross negligence, injury of life, body or health, or breach of a condition which goes to the root of the contract ("wesentliche Vertragspflichten"). However, Claims for Damages arising from a breach of a condition which goes to the root of the contract shall be limited to the foreseeable damage which is intrinsic to the contract, unless caused by intent or gross negligence or based on liability for injury of life, body or health. The above provisions do not imply a change in the burden of proof to the detriment of the Purchaser.
  3. To the extent that the Purchaser has a valid Claim for Damages according to this Art. XI, it shall be time-barred upon expiration of the limitation period applicable to Defects pursuant to Art. VIII No. 2. In the case of claims for damages under the German Product Liability Act, the statutory provisions governing limitation periods shall apply.

XII. Venue and Applicable Law

If the Purchaser is a businessperson, sole venue for all disputes arising directly or indirectly out of the contract shall be the Supplier's place of business. However, the Supplier may also bring an action at the Purchaser's place of business. Legal relations existing in connection with this contract shall be governed by German substantive law, to the exclusion of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG).

XIII. Severability Clause

The legal invalidity of one or more provisions of this contract shall in no way affect the validity of the remaining provisions. This shall not apply if it would be unreasonable for one of the parties to continue the contract.

General Conditions of Purchase of Menzel Elektromotoren GmbH, Berlin

1. General information – Scope

  1. The following general conditions of purchase (hereinafter referred to as 'conditions of purchase') of Menzel Elektromotoren GmbH (hereinafter referred to as 'Menzel' or 'we') apply only to entrepreneurs, legal persons under public law or special funds under public law as defined by § 310(1) German Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch – BGB). They apply to the acceptance of any kind of delivery or service.

  2. The applicability of the following conditions of purchase is absolute and exclusive. Conditions of the contractor that differ apply only if, in the individual case, we confirm them in writing before a contract is awarded. Our conditions of purchase shall apply even if we accept deliveries or services without reservation while being aware of conflicting conditions of our contractor.

2. Execution of contract

  1. Written form
    Without exception, any agreements on the execution of a contract made between the contractor and us must be in written form to be effective. Oral agreements are only effective if we confirm them in writing. Letters by fax or email are the equivalent of written form. 
  2. Period of commitment
    Insofar as our orders do not expressly contain a period of commitment, we shall be bound thereto for one week from the date of the order. Of relevance to determining the period shall be receipt of the written statement of acceptance by us.
  3. Place of performance
    Unless we designate another receiving agency in writing in the individual case, the place of performance for the provision of services is the registered office of Menzel in Berlin. In the event of delivering, in breach of contract, to a place of delivery other than the one agreed, performance shall not be made even if the incorrect receiving agency accepts the delivery or service without objection.
  4. Time limits for performance
    1. The time limits agreed for service provision are binding in any case. Regardless of whether the contractor is responsible for a delay, it is obliged to inform us immediately in writing if it is foreseeable that the agreed time limit for performance cannot be met.
    2. In no case shall strikes, lockouts or other stoppages at the contractor preclude default on the grounds of force majeure, nor shall delays in delivery at the contractor's sub-contractors.
    3. In the case of default in delivery, we are entitled to demand a contractual penalty amounting to 1% of the order value for each new week of default up to a maximum of 10%. Higher penalties may apply in an individual case provided we have noted this in the contract award or order documents. The right to assert further damage claims remains unaffected by the foregoing. Where applicable, the contractual penalty shall be taken into account in the compensation for damages to be paid by the contractor.
    4. Unless agreed otherwise in writing, the delivery period begins on the date the legally binding order is made. If we have to verify and release documents at the request of the contractor before delivery, then the delivery period shall extend by the time needed for our verification only if it takes longer than a week to complete.
  5. Delivery
    1. Ordered goods shall be delivered such that the identity and quantity can be verified without previous repackaging. If the delivery does not satisfy this instruction and if that gives rise to additional expenditure by us, then we are entitled to charge this additional expenditure to the contractor.
    2. The contractor shall only use packaging material that complies with the German Packaging Ordinance (Verpackungsverordnung – VerpackV) and can be disposed of at no cost. If, because of the type of packaging, we incur costs for its disposal, then we shall charge this to the contractor.
    3. Claims asserted by the contractor vis-à-vis returning its packaging shall be clearly indicated on the shipping documents. Otherwise, we shall dispose of transport packaging immediately. We may also demand that the contractor take back the packaging for us at no cost. A required return shall be made at the expense and risk of the contractor exclusively.
  6. Transport costs and risk
    1. Unless a written agreement to the contrary is made in the individual case, the contractor shall bear the cost of transporting the delivery to the receiving agency.
    2. Without exception, the contractor shall bear the risk associated with transport and the cost of any transport insurance it takes out.

  7. Invoices and payments
    1. The price shown in the order is binding and includes the cost of packaging.
    2. A confirmation of receipt issued by us or the receiving agency designated by us shall be attached to invoices. Duplicate invoices shall be identified as such.
    3. The contractor is liable for ensuring that its invoices are issued in compliance with Germany's law on VAT.
    4. Payments shall be made in accordance with the conditions stated in the order after receipt of a duly prepared invoice and arrival of all the goods ordered, provided they are free of defects, or after we accept the service.
    5. The period allowed for payment shall begin when we receive the invoice.
    6. Payment may be withheld to a reasonable extent up until the entire delivery or service is made free of defects.
    7. Payments do not imply recognition of prices or conditions, nor that the delivery or service is as stipulated in the contract.

3. Set-off, retention, and reservation of title

  1. We shall be entitled to set-off and retention rights to the extent permitted by law.
  2. As regards the assignment of contractual claims of the contractor, which arise from the reservation of ownership, consent shall be deemed to be granted from the outset. However, such consent is granted with the proviso that we reserve all rights vis-à-vis the assignee and evidence of the assignment is provided to us by submission of the required documents.
  3. Special forms of reserved title, in particular transferred, subsequent or extended reservation of title, current account reservation or corporate reservation are not accepted. We do not recognise conflicting terms and conditions of business of the contracting party; they are hereby expressly rejected and shall not form part of the contract.

4. Passing of risk

In the case of delivery with installation and/or assembly, as well as works-related performance, the risk of loss or damage of goods passes to us upon acceptance or delivery of the goods at the agreed place of delivery (2.3); that even applies if shipment has been agreed on.

5. Defects as to quality and warranty

  1. We are obliged to inspect the goods for quality and quantity deviations within a reasonable period. A notice of defect by us is submitted in due time if it is received by the contractor within ten working days of the receipt of goods or the acceptance of service. In the case of hidden defects, the period begins on discovery. A notice of defect does not require any specific form.
  2. The warranty period is 36 months. Longer statutory periods remain unaffected by the foregoing.
  3. In respect of defects of the goods sold, we may claim for price abatement, cancellation or compensation for damages.

    Moreover, we may opt for remedial work or at our reasonably exercised discretion a substitute delivery. The contractor shall remedy defects such that we incur no costs if we opt for remedial work or a substitute delivery. In urgent cases, we are entitled to implement necessary measures at the cost of and after informing the contractor. This applies even if it does not comply with our request for remedial work or a substitute delivery; however, we may then assert our other rights, instead.
  4. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions, the contractor shall be liable for claims arising from the violation of intellectual property rights and patent/trademark applications (intellectual property rights) when the delivery is used as stipulated in the contract. Moreover, it shall indemnify us and our customers against any claims arising from the violation of such intellectual property rights.
  5. We may demand from the contractor reimbursement of expenses arising from a defect, which we have to bear in relation to our customer, if the defect already existed when risk passed to us. 

6. Applicable law and jurisdiction

  1. The legal relationship between the contracting parties shall be governed solely by the law of the Federal Republic of Germany. The rule of conflict of laws and the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Good (CISG) are excluded.
  2. Berlin is the exclusive place of jurisdiction for any claim of either contracting party to the other.

7. Effectiveness and German language version

  1. Should any provision of the contract or these conditions of purchase be ineffective, then the effectiveness of the other provisions shall remain unaffected. An unclear or invalid provision shall be reinterpreted and/or replaced such as to come as close as possible to the intended economic purpose.

    Regardless of the nationality of the contractor, only the German version of these conditions of purchase is authoritative.